15 Living Walls, Vertical Gardens & Sky Farms :

future sky farm

Original on Environmental Graffiti

A living wall, also referred to as a green wall, vertical garden, or sky farm, is usually part of a building and consists of some sort of vegetation. These types of gardens are sometimes referred to as urban gardening, because they are well-suited for an urban environment where space on the ground is very limited but vertical space is plentiful. These vertical gardens can be quite spectacular in appearance, and in some cases, they even work to filter clean air into the building in which they are growing upon.

Vertical gardens can be grown on just about any type of wall, with or without the use of soil, and they can be placed both on outdoor and indoor walls. As long as there is not shortage of water for the living wall, no soil is required. These amazing sky farms are able to literally bring life to an old rundown building in the middle of the city and they are becoming increasingly popular inside office buildings, homes, and retail stores because of their outstanding beauty and their natural air purification properties.

Living walls have fast become an art form for many people, and one of the pioneering vertical garden artists is Patrick Blanc. He observed how plants were able to grow vertically without the need for soil in the wild, and soon developed a way to create artistic looking vegetation walls that were both lightweight and needed little maintenance. Since these living walls only weighed approximately 30 kg or less per square-meter, he noticed that just about any type of wall would be able to support the weight of a vertical garden. There are many amazing examples of vertical gardens around the world. Here%u2019s our list of some of the most creative and beautiful living walls in the world. We may have missed some of course, but please feel free to drop any we%u2019ve missed in the comments.

Musee du quai Branly, Paris, France

This popular French museum near the Eiffel Tower in Paris is home to one of the best examples of vertical garden work by artist Patrick Blanc. The living wall here is about 200 meters long and 12 meters tall. The museum%u2019s living exterior was at one time healthy and vibrant, but today you can see signs of the inadequate support for irrigation and drainage of the garden %u2013 although it still remains breathtakingly beautiful.

musee du quai Branly
Musee du quai Branly
Musee du quai Branly

Sky Farm, Las Vegas

A proposed $200 million sky farm in the city of Las Vegas would be the world%u2019s first 30-story vertical farm. This building would have 30 floors of indoor farm land, and it is estimated that a vertical farm such as this one could produce enough food to feed 72,000 people per year. This proposed vertical sky farm would grow approximately 100 different crops, and would bring in an estimated $40 million in annual revenue via produce sales and tourism to the one-of-a-kind structure. This sky farm is only in the preliminary stages of design, and it could quite a while before this awesome vertical farm is actually built (if ever).

sky farm, las vegas
sky farm las vegas

SkyFarm, Toronto, Canada

A new vertical farm in the downtown area of Toronto, called SkyFarm, could help to feed 35,000 area residents each year. The advantage of the SkyFarm is that the proposed building would only require about 1.32 hectares of land for the 58 story building to sit on. However, it will have about 8 million square-feet of growing space for crops, bringing in the same amount of produce as a 420 hectar farm. The 714 feet structure would bring in an estimated $23 million of revenue each year.

sky farm toronto
skyfram toronto

Residence Antilia, Mumbai, India

This new eco-building is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2008, and upon its completion will hold the world record for the largest and tallest living wall, not just in India, but on the planet. This 200 meter tall building, called Residence Antilia, will feature vertical gardens all the way up its exterior walls. Costing, $1 billion, the revolutionary design will make it not only the world%u2019s greenest skyscraper, but also one of the most unique and beautiful structures in the world.

residence antilla mumbai
residence antilla mumbai


Parabienta Living Wall System, Japan

This living wall is manufactured and marketed by two Japanese companies that have created a product that is lightweight, cheap, and very functional. The living wall is called %u2018Parabienta%u2018, and it costs approximately $60 per square foot. This eco-friendly wall will significantly cool down a building through a naturally occurring cooling process that takes place within the plants %u2013 otherwise known as shade.

parabienta living wall
parabienta japan

Paris, France %u2013 A Vertical Garden Mecca

The %u2018city of love%u2019 is a sort of vertical garden hotspot, and it%u2019s becoming increasingly popular and mainstream to %u2018decorate%u2019 a bland wall with a plethora of beautiful plants, whether it be for artistic purposes or for more functional eco-friendly intentions. Much of the reason that Paris is such a vertical garden mecca is the fact that one of the founding fathers of the art form, Patrick Blanc, lives there. He, and other living wall artists have created some amazing vertical gardens in France%u2019s capital city.

Foundation Cartier

The plant wall at the entrance of the Foundation Cartier has not been trimmed since it was planted back in 1998. The only maintenance of this beautiful garden involves a gardener coming in about every 2-3 months to remove dead leaves, or whole plants, and replace them with new ones.

foundation Cartier

BHV Homme

The vertical garden at this popular Parisian department store literally adds life to the back of BHV Homme in Paris. This artistic living wall almost resembles an abstract painting from afar.
Pics: 12

bhv homme
bhv homme

Pershing Hall Hotel

Nestled in the courtyard of the Pershing Hall Hotel is a 30 meter high vertical garden that features over 250 different plant species. It%u2019s quite a site, to say the least!
Pics: 12

pershing hall hotel
pershing hall hotel

Club Med Champs-Elysees

The small vertical garden at this Club Med in Paris is designed to represent plants from 5 different continents. The addition of the vertical garden at this Club Med location is all part of a plan to create a more upscale feel for the already first-class resort. The garden is visible from outside and is beautifully lit at night.
Pic: 1

club med eschamps


CaixaForum, Madrid, Spain


As the newest museum in Madrid, CaixaForum certainly takes innovation to the next level before you even walk into the place. One of the exterior walls features a huge 24 meter highvertical garden with over 15,000 plants from more than 250 different species. This artistic display is one of the finest examples of living walls anywhere in Spain.
Pics: 1

caixa forum madrid
caixaforum madrid

Vertical Gardens, Bangkok, Thailand

The vertical gardening phenomenon is spreading like wild fire across the globe, and it%u2019s no different in Bangkok, Thailand. Check out these photos of two great examples of vertical gardening. The first two photos are at the Siam Paragon Shopping Center, and the second is a cool example of how strategically placing plants vertically alongside an elevator shaft at the Emporium Bangkok can add a nice decorative touch.
Pics: 1

bangkok vertical gardens

bangkok vertical gardens

vertical gardens in bangkok

Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Spain

In front of the Guggenheim Art Museum you%u2019ll find an awesome example of vertical gardening in the depiction of a puppy made entirely out of plants. The artist, Jeff Koons, created this 43-foot tall %u201Cplant puppy%u201D in the mid-1990s using a steel substructure and a variety of plants. The detail of this piece is amazing.

Pics: 12

gugenheim museum bilbao
gugenheim museum bilbao

ACROS Fukuoka Prefectural International Hall, Japan

The 100,000 square foot rooftop at the ACROS Fukuoka building is definitely one-of-a-kind. The 18 story building features 15 stepped terraces that can actually be climbed to the top. The terraces are meant to promote a serene and peaceful environment in the middle of the city with lots green plants and even waterfalls and small pools to add to the calming effect of the building%u2019s extraordinary exterior.

acros fukuoka prefectural

acros fukuoka prefectural

Living Walls, Netherlands

This building is a great example of how you can spice up a boring exterior and turn it into a living and breathing wall. The plants are growing in a thin layer of felt and rock wool material instead of soil. Recycled rain water is pumped through this material to provide nutrients to the root systems of the plants.
Pic: 1

living walls netherlands

Future Vertical Sky Farm Designs

The idea of being able to save valuable space on the ground and to farm vertically has intrigued many designers, architects, and government officials. Sky farming saves space on the ground, can provide a year-round crop, and can be placed in the middle of the busiest cities in the world. With overpopulation, rocketing food prices and the migration to cities, traditional farming could soon become obsolete. This poses an interesting question: could these futuristic and green utopic visions become the standard, the new way to farm in the future?

We are piloting our Window Farm project in schools at the moment : WindowFarms